Maintaining Professional Staff/Student Boundaries

  • POLICY 5253
    The purpose of this policy is to provide all staff, students, volunteers and community members with information to increase their awareness of their role in protecting children from inappropriate conduct by adults.

    The board of directors expects all staff members to maintain the highest professional, moral and ethical standards in their interaction with students. Staff members are required to maintain an atmosphere conducive to learning, through consistently and fairly applied discipline and established and maintained professional boundaries.

    The interactions and relationships between staff members and students should be based upon mutual respect and trust, an understanding of the appropriate boundaries between adults and students in and outside of the educational setting, and consistency with the educational mission of the schools.

    Staff members will not intrude on a student’s physical and emotional boundaries unless the intrusion is necessary to serve an educational or physical, mental and/or emotional health purpose. An educational purpose is one that relates to the staff member’s duties in the district. Additionally, staff members are expected to be sensitive to the appearance of impropriety in their own conduct and the conduct of other staff when interacting with students. Staff members will discuss issues with their building administrator or supervisor whenever they suspect or are unsure whether conduct is inappropriate or constitutes a violation of this policy. 

    The board of directors supports the use of technology to communicate for educational purposes. However, district employees are prohibited from inappropriate online socializing or from engaging in any conduct on social networking Web sites that violates the law, district policies or other generally recognized professional standards. Employees whose conduct violates this policy may face discipline and/or termination, consistent with the district’s policies, acceptable use agreement and collective bargaining agreements, as applicable.

    The superintendent or designee will develop staff protocols for reporting and investigating allegations and develop procedures and training to accompany this policy. 

    The purpose of this procedure is to provide all staff, students, volunteers and community members with information to increase their awareness of their role in protecting children from inappropriate conduct by adults.

    In a professional staff/student relationship, school employees maintain boundaries that are consistent with the legal and ethical duty of care that school personnel have for students.

    A boundary invasion is an act or omission by a school employee that violates professional staff/student boundaries and has the potential to abuse the staff/student relationship.

    An inappropriate boundary invasion means an act, omission, or pattern of such behavior by a school employee that does not have an educational purpose and results in abuse of the staff/student professional relationship.

    Examples of inappropriate boundary invasions by staff members include but are not limited to the following:

    • Any type of inappropriate physical contact with a student or any other conduct that might be considered harassment under board policies 3207 – Prohibition of Harassment, Intimidation and Bullying and 5011 – Sexual Harassment;
    • Showing pornography to a student;
    • Singling out a particular student or students for personal attention and friendship beyond the professional staff-student relationship;
    • Socializing where students are consuming alcohol, drugs or tobacco;
    • For non-guidance/counseling staff, encouraging students to confide their personal or family problems and/or relationships. If a student initiates such discussions, staff members are expected to refer the student to appropriate guidance/counseling staff;
    • Sending students on personal errands unrelated to any educational purpose;
    • Banter, allusions, jokes or innuendos of a sexual nature with students;
    • Disclosing personal, sexual, family, employment concerns, or other private matters to one or more students;
    • Addressing students or permitting students to address staff members with personalized terms of endearment, pet names, or otherwise in an overly familiar manner;
    • Maintaining personal contact with a student outside of school by phone, email, Instant Messenger or Internet chat rooms, social networking Web sites, or letters (beyond homework or other legitimate school business) without including the parent/guardian;
    • Exchanging personal gifts, cards or letters with an individual student;
    • Socializing or spending time with students (including but not limited to activities such as going out for beverages, meals or movies, shopping, traveling, and recreational activities) outside of school-sponsored events, except as participants in organized community activities;
    • Giving a student a ride alone or being alone in a vehicle in a non-emergency situation; and/or
    • Unnecessarily invading a student’s privacy (e.g. walking in on the student in the bathroom).

    The following activities are boundary invasions and can create an actual impropriety or the appearance of impropriety. Whenever possible, staff should avoid these situations. If unavoidable these activities should be pre-approved by the appropriate administrator. If not pre-approved, the staff person must report the occurrence, to the appropriate administrator, as soon as possible.

    • Being alone with an individual student out of the view of others;
    • Inviting or allowing individual students to visit the staff member’s home;
    • Visiting a student’s home or other locations outside of school for non-educational purposes; and/or
    • Social networking with students for non-educational purposes.

    Students and their parents/guardians are strongly encouraged to notify the principal (or other administrator) if they believe a teacher or other staff member may be engaging in conduct that violates this policy.

    Staff members are required to promptly notify the principal (or other administrator) or the superintendent if they become aware of a situation that may constitute a violation of this policy.

    Staff violations of this policy may result in disciplinary action up to and including dismissal. The violation will also be reported to the state Office of Professional Practices. Violations involving sexual or other abuse will also result in referral to Child Protective Services and/or law enforcement in accordance with the board’s policy on Child Abuse, Neglect and Exploitation Prevention (3421).

    This policy and procedure shall be included on the district Web site and in the district staff, student and volunteer handbooks. Annually, all administrators and staff will receive copies of the district’s reporting protocol.