Multi-Tiered Systems of Support

  • MTSS Wheel


    Multi-tiered systems of support (MTSS) are an integrated academic/social-emotional support framework that provides targeted support to students based on their individual needs. MTSS is designed to ensure that all students have access to the resources and support they need to succeed. MTSS involves three tiers of support: universal supports, targeted supports, and intensive supports. Universal supports are provided to all students and include high-quality classroom instruction and positive behavioral supports. Targeted supports are provided to students who require additional support, such as small group instruction or counseling services. Intensive supports are provided to students who require more intensive interventions, such as individualized instruction or therapy. MTSS is necessary to achieve educational equity because it ensures that all students receive what  they need, regardless of their background or circumstances. MTSS helps to level the playing field and ensure that all students have access to high-quality education and opportunities for success.

MTSS Pillars

  • MTSS Pillars

    Universal Screening is a systematic process used to identify students for academic, behavioral, and social emotional supports. Effective, reliable, and valid screening tests are administered to students three times annually to identify interventions and measure student progress. 

    Multi-Tiered Prevention 
    MTSS includes three tiers of intensity for instruction, intervention, and support. At all levels, attention is paid to the selection of evidence-based practices, fidelity of implementation, and ongoing assessment of student progress towards goals.

    • Tier 1 Universal Support includes high-quality, schoolwide academic, social emotional, and behavioral instruction designed to meet the needs of all learners.

    • Tier 2 Targeted Supports are for students identified as at-risk and who need more time, instruction, or practice. Supports include small group interventions, opportunistic instruction, and additional accommodations.

    • Tier 3 Intensive Supports include additional interventions for students who are not responding to the Tier 2 supports. This form of intervention is intensified and individualized based on student need.

    Collaborative Teaming
    There is shared leadership for MTSS at the school, district, regional, and state levels. Teams create a common vision, clarifying purpose, effective system implementation, and desired outcomes. Staff engage families in regular two-way communication as partners in the decision-making process.

    Data-Based Decision Making
    Data-based decision-making includes team assessment analysis and problem-solving. Teams use data to evaluate the extent to which interventions have been effectively applied and are yielding intended results.  

    Progress Monitoring
    Consistent monitoring of student progress informs teacher instruction.

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