3419 Self-Administration of Asthma and Anaphylaxis Medications

  • Asthma is an inflammatory disease of the respiratory tract. Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening allergic reaction that may involve systems of the entire body. Anaphylaxis is a medical emergency that requires immediate medical treatment and follow-up care by an allergist/immunologist. 

    It is the policy of the board of directors that students with asthma or anaphylaxis are afforded the opportunity to self-administer prescribed medications. The students’ parent or guardian shall submit a written request and other documentation required by the school. The student’s prescribing health care provider must provide a written treatment plan.

    The student must demonstrate to the school’s professional registered nurse that the student is competent to possess and self-administer prescribed medications during school and at school sponsored events.

    The superintendent will establish procedures that implement this policy follow emergency rescue procedures outlined in the most recent edition of AMES:  Asthma Management in Educational Settings, in cases of suspected asthma and the emergency rescue procedures outlined in the Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction’s Guidelines for the Care of Students with Anaphylaxis (2009) in cases of suspected anaphylaxis.

    Cross References:    
    Board Policy 3416         Medication at School
    Board Policy 2161         Special Education and Related Services for Eligible Students
    Board Policy 2162         Education of Students with Disabilities under Section 504 of the Rehabilitative Act of 1973
    Board Policy 3420         Anaphylaxis Prevention and Response

    Legal Reference: 
    42 U.S.C. 280                  Public Health Service Act
    42 U.S.C. 12212             Section 512 Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
    34 CFR Part 104            Section 504 of Rehabilitation Act of 1973
    RCW 28A.210.370         Students with Asthma
    RCW 28A.210.380         Anaphylaxis-Policy guidelines-Procedures-Reports

    Management Resources:
    Policy News, Aug. 2012        Self-Administration of Asthma and Anaphylaxis Medications
    Policy News, Feb. 2009         Anaphylaxis Prevention Policy Required
    OSPI, March 2009                   Guidelines for the Care of Students with Anaphylaxis

    ADOPTED: 10/27/2005
    REVISED: 10/25/12

    Procedure No. 3419P Self-Administration of Asthma and Anaphylaxis Medication

    Asthma is an inflammatory disease of the respiratory tract. Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening allergic reaction that may involve systems of the entire body. Anaphylaxis is a medical emergency that requires immediate medical treatment and follow-up care by an allergist/immunologist. 

    Students with asthma or anaphylaxis are authorized, in consultation with the school’s professional registered nurse, to possess and self-administer medication for asthma or anaphylaxis during the school day, during school sponsored events and while traveling to and from school or school sponsored activities. The student will be authorized to possess and self-administer medication if the following conditions are met.

    1. The parent or guardian must submit a written request for the student to self-administer medication(s) for asthma or anaphylaxis;

    2. A health care practitioner has prescribed the medication for use by the student during school hours and the student has received instructions in the correct and responsible way to use the medication(s);

    3. The student demonstrates to the health care practitioner and a professional registered nurse at the school the skill necessary to use the medication and to use the device necessary to administer the medication;

    4. The health care practitioner provides a written treatment plan for managing the asthma or anaphylaxis episodes of the student and for use of medication during school hours. The written treatment plan should include name and dosage of the medication, frequency with which it may be administered, possible side effects and the circumstances that warrant its use;

    5. The parent or guardian must sign a statement acknowledging that the district shall incur no liability as a result of any injury arising from the self-administration of medication by the student and that the parents or guardians shall indemnify and hold harmless the district and its employees or agents against any claims arising out of the self administration of medication by the student.

      A.  The authorization to self medicate will be valid for the current school year only. The parent or guardian must renew the authorization each school year.

      B.  In the event of an asthma or anaphylaxis emergency, the district will have the following easily accessible:

           1.  The student’s written treatment plan;

           2.  The parent or guardian’s written request that the student self medicate; and

           3.  The parent or guardian’s signed release of liability form.

      C.  Backup medication, if provided by the parent or guardian, shall be kept at a location in the school to which the student has immediate access in the event of an asthma or anaphylaxis emergency.

      D.    A student’s authorization to possess and self-administer medication for asthma or anaphylaxis may be limited or revoked by the building principal after consultation with the school’s professional registered nurse and the student’s parents or guardian if the student demonstrates an inability to responsibly possess and self-administer such medication.

    Asthma or Anaphylaxis Rescue Procedures

    In the event of an asthma or anaphylactic episode, the school nurse will be immediately contacted. In the absence of the school nurse, the person responsible for school health duties will be contacted.

    For asthma, the district will follow the procedures outlined in the most recent edition of the AMES: Asthma Management in Educational Settings, including:

    1. Managing the students’ school environment;

    2. Training school personnel in rescue procedures;

    3. Accompanying all students exhibiting symptoms;

    4. Providing care as designed in the student’s emergency care plan;

    5. Calling 911, if appropriate

    6. Notifying the student’s parent or guardian;

    7. Documenting interventions;

    8. Reviewing the student’s emergency care plan and making changes, if necessary.

    For anaphylaxis, the district will follow the Guidelines for the Care of Students with Anaphylaxis published by the Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction.

    ADOPTED: 10/27/2005
    REVISED:  10/25/12

3000 Policies