6700 Nutrition, Health, and Physical Education

  • The board recognizes that a healthy school environment prepares students for college, careers, and successful futures. Students who eat well-balanced meals and engage in regular exercise are more likely to learn in the classroom. The board supports the district’s increased emphasis on nutrition, health, physical education, and physical activity at all grade levels to enhance the well-being of the District’s students. Therefore, it is the policy of the Board of Directors to provide students with access to nutritious food, emphasize health education and physical education, and provide students with opportunities for physical activity. The board recognizes the benefits of scheduling at least 20 minutes of seat time for lunch for every student and scheduling recess before lunch for elementary students. Therefore, to the extent appropriate and feasible, the Superintendent will strive to identify and remove barriers to these practices and periodically report back to the board.

    Wellness Policy

    The district, through a wellness committee, will develop and implement a comprehensive wellness policy in compliance with state and federal requirements for districts participating in the National School Lunch Program, the School Breakfast Program, and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Smart Snacks in School nutrition standards.

    Nutrition and Food Services Program

    The Board of Directors supports the philosophy of the National School Lunch and School Breakfast Program and will provide wholesome and nutritious meals for children in the District’s schools. The Board authorizes the Superintendent to administer the food services program, provided that any decision to enter into a contract with a food service management company will require the approval of the Board. Expenditures for food supplies shall not exceed the estimated revenues.

    The Superintendent is responsible for:

    • Annually distributing meal applications and determining eligibility for school meals;
    • Protecting the identity of students eligible for free and reduced-price meals;
    • Ensuring meals meet USDA meal pattern requirements;
    • Ensuring meal periods are in compliance with USDA regulations;
    • Establishing a Food Safety Plan;
    • Determining meal prices and submitting them to the board for approval annually;
    • Using the full entitlement of USDA Foods;
    • Maintaining a nonprofit school food service account;
    • Ensuring all revenues are used solely for the school meal program;
    • Establishing a meal charge policy if not serving meals at no cost to students;
    • Accommodating children with special dietary needs;
    • Ensuring compliance with USDA nondiscrimination policies;
    • Following proper procurement procedures; and
    • Ensuring compliance with the Smart Snacks in School standards.
    • Health and Physical Education Program

    The District’s K-12 health and physical education programs will be aligned with the Washington State Health and Physical Education K-12 Learning Standards and will include, but not be limited to, the development of knowledge and skills to be physically active, eat nutritiously, access reliable health information and services, communicate effectively, and set health-enhancing goals.

    The District will ensure that the following requirements are met:

    • All students in grades one through eight receive an average of one hundred instructional minutes per week of physical education per year.
    • All high school students are required to complete a minimum of three semesters (1.5 credits) of physical education and one semester (.5 credit) of health education.
    • Any student who is excused from participation on account of physical disability, employment, religious belief, participation in directed athletics or military science and tactics, or for other good cause will be required to demonstrate proficiency/competency in the knowledge portion of the fitness requirement, in accordance with District policy.
    • The district will offer a one-credit course or its equivalent in physical education for each grade in the high school program (grades 9-12).
    • All students have equal and equitable opportunities for health and physical education.
    • All students, from kindergarten through grade 12, will participate in a quality, standards-based health and physical education program.
    • OSPI developed assessments or other strategies will be used in health and physical education, formerly known as classroom-based assessments (CBAs).

    Additionally, school districts must conduct an annual review of their PE programs. The review must consist of numerous provisions, including:

    • The number of individual students completing a PE class during the school year;
    • The average number of minutes per week of PE received by students in grades 1 through 8, expressed in appropriate reporting ranges;
    • The number of students granted waivers (excused from participation) from PE requirements;
    • An indication of whether all PE classes are taught by instructors who possess a valid health and fitness endorsement;
    • The PE class sizes, expressed in appropriate reporting ranges;
    • An indication of whether, as a matter of policy or procedure, the district routinely modifies and adapts its PE curriculum for students with disabilities; and
    • An indication of whether the district routinely excludes students from PE classes for disciplinary reasons.

    As a best practice and subject to available funding, the district will strive to ensure:

    • Students will be moderately to vigorously active for at least 50% of class time during most or all physical education class sessions.
    • All schools will have certificated physical education teachers providing instruction.
    • All schools will have appropriate class sizes, facilities, equipment, and supplies needed to deliver quality health and physical education consistent with state standards.
    • All physical education teachers will be encouraged to participate in professional development in physical education at least once a year.

    Physical Activity

    Physical education class is not to be used or withheld as punishment for any reason. All schools, as a best practice and subject to available funding, will participate in a multi-component approach by which schools use all opportunities for students to be physically active, such as the Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program (CSPAP) recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and will provide the following:

    • Quality physical education;
    • Physical activity during the school day (brain boosters/energizers);
    • Physical activity before and after school;
    • Recess (which will not be used or withheld as punishment for any reason);
    • Family and community engagement;
    • Staff wellness and health promotion;
    • Active transportation; and
    • School district facilities.

    Cross References:

    2150 - Co-Curricular Program
    2151 - Interscholastic Activities
    2161 - Special Education and Related Services for Eligible Students
    2162 - Education of Students With Disabilities Under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973
    2410 - High School Graduation Requirements
    3210 - Nondiscrimination
    3422 - Student Sports – Concussion, Head Injury and Sudden Cardiac Arrest
    4260 - Use of School Facilities

    Legal References:

    RCW 28A.210.365 Food choice, physical activity, childhood fitness — Minimum standards — District waiver or exemption policy.
    RCW 28A.230.040 Physical Education – Grades 1-8
    RCW 28A.230.050 Physical Education in High Schools
    RCW 28A.230.095 Essential academic learning requirements and assessments — Verification reports. RCW 28A.235.120 Meal Programs — Establishment and Operation — Personnel — Agreements
    RCW 28A.235.130 Milk for children at school expense
    RCW 28A.235.140 School breakfast programs
    RCW 28A. 235.145 School breakfast and lunch programs –Use of state funds
    RCW 28A. 235.150 School breakfast and lunch programs – Grants to increase participation – Increased state support
    RCW 28A.235.160 Requirements to implement school breakfast, lunch and summer food service programs – Exemptions
    RCW 28A.235.170 Washington grown fresh fruit and vegetable grant program
    RCW 28A.623.020 Nonprofit program for elderly — Authorized — Restrictions
    RCW 69.04 Intrastate Commerce in Food, Drugs and Cosmetics
    RCW 69.06.010 Food and beverage service worker’s permit — Filing, duration — Minimum training requirements
    RCW 69.06.020 Permit exclusive and valid throughout state — Fee
    RCW 69.06.030 Diseased persons — May not work — Employer may not hire
    RCW 69.06.050 Permit to be secured within fourteen days from time of employment.
    RCW 69.06.070 Limited duty permit
    WAC 180-51-068 State subject and credit requirements for high school graduation—Students entering the ninth grade on or after July 1, 2015.
    WAC 392-157-125 Time for meals
    WAC 392-410-135 Physical Education – Grade school and high school requirement.
    WAC 392-410-136 Physical Education Requirement-Excuse
    2 CFR Part 200 - Procurement
    CFR, Parts 210 and 220, 7 CFR, Part 245.5

    Management Resources:
    2022 – June Issue
    2018 - May Issue
    2017 - July Issue
    2017 - April Issue
    Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program 2015 - June Issue
    Recommendations for Waivers in High School Physical Education/Fitness Education, OSPI (September 2013) 2014 - February Issue
    Wellness Policy Best Practices, OSPI (January 2013)
    Policy News, February 2005 Nutrition and Physical Fitness Policy
    Policy News, December 2004 Nutrition and Physical Fitness Update Alliance for a Healthier Generation Wellness Policies
    OSPI Child Nutrition School Wellness Policy Best Practices for Policy Development, Implementation and Evaluation

    ADOPTED: 03/24/1993
    REVISED: 4/23/98; 6/21/05; 6/21/05; 1/12/06; 3/23/2006; 12/20/07; 5/27/10; 6/24/14; 9/24/15; 11/22/2022

    Procedure No. 6700P Nutrition and Physical Fitness

    Wellness Policy

    The wellness policy must include, but is not limited to: 

    • Goals for nutrition education, nutrition promotion, and other school-based activities to promote wellness;
    • The Smart Snacks in School standards for all foods and beverages sold to students on campus during the school day, including access to water;
    • Standards consistent with federal regulations for school meal programs and the Smart Snacks in School standards for other foods available to students (e.g., food brought from home for classroom events/parties and food used as rewards or incentives); 
    • Policies for marketing only food and beverages that meet the Smart Snacks in School standards;
    • Standards for quality physical education and nutrition education programs aligned to state learning standards that help students develop lifelong healthy behaviors;
    • Promotion of activities that provide students opportunities to be physically active before, during, and after school;
    • Engagement of the community in support of the district’s work in creating continuity between school and other settings for students and staff to practice lifelong healthy habits;
    • Establishment of a wellness committee that includes representatives from the school and that permits participation from members of the community; 
    • Designation of one or more school official(s) to ensure compliance of each school; and
    • Direct committee review and assessment of the wellness policy every three years.

    Wellness Committee 

    The district will convene a wellness committee to establish goals for the district-level wellness policy and to oversee its development, implementation, periodic review and updating. The membership of the committee will represent all school levels (elementary and secondary schools). The following parties must be permitted to participate as committee members:

    • Parents and caregivers; 
    • Students; 
    • Representatives of the school nutrition program (e.g., school nutrition director); 
    • Physical education teachers; 
    • School health professionals (e.g., health education teachers, nurses, physicians, dentists, health educators, and other allied health personnel who provide school health services, school counselors, psychologists, social workers, or psychiatrists]; 
    • School administrators (e.g., superintendent, principal, vice principal), 
    • School board members; 
    • Health professionals (e.g., dietitians, doctors, nurses, dentists); and
    • Members of the general public.

    The wellness committee is responsible for:

    • Establishing committee membership and operating protocol; 
    • Understanding wellness policy compliance requirements;
    • Developing an implementation plan for the wellness policy;
    • Recordkeeping; 
    • Annual public notification of the wellness policy;
    • Triennial progress assessments; 
    • Revising the wellness policy; and
    • Leading community involvement, outreach, and communications initiatives regarding the wellness policy. 

    Wellness Policy Implementation Plan

    The wellness committee will develop and maintain a plan for implementation, management and coordination of the wellness policy. The district will use online tools or other resources to review and consider evidence-based strategies (e.g., Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s School Health Index) in determining goals for nutrition promotion and education, physical activity and other school-based activities (e.g., school vegetable garden) for each school. [District Note – the CDC’s index cited here can be used to do school-level assessments, create action plans for implementation and to generate an annual report]. 

    The plan will include:

    • Roles, responsibilities, actions and timelines specific to each school; 
    • The district official designated to oversee the wellness policy; and
    • An action plan to implement all required elements of the wellness policy.

    Annual Notification

    The district will notify families and the public, on annual basis, of the availability of the wellness policy, and provide information that would enable interested households to obtain more details. The district will also annually distribute and collect applications to determine eligibility for free or reduced-price meals, as set forth below. The district is encouraged to provide as much information as possible about the school nutrition environment. 

    Triennial Progress Assessments

    At least once every three years, the district will evaluate its compliance with the wellness policy. The triennial assessment will consider: 

    • The extent to which schools under the jurisdiction of the district are in compliance with the wellness policy. 
    • The extent to which the district’s wellness policy compares to the Alliance for a Healthier Generation’s model wellness policy.
    • The extent to which progress has been made in attaining the goals of the district’s wellness policy.
    • The assessment report will include the position/person responsible for managing the triennial assessment and their contact information.

    Updates to the Policy

    The wellness committee will update or modify the wellness policy based on the results of the annual School Health Index and triennial assessments and/or as priorities change and new federal or state guidance or standards are issued.

    Community Involvement, Outreach, and Communications

    The district will actively communicate ways in which members of the wellness committee and others can participate in the development, implementation, and periodic review and update of the wellness policy through a variety of means. The district will also inform parents of the improvements that have been made to school meals and compliance with school meal standards, the availability of child nutrition programs and how to apply for those programs, and district compliance with Smart Snacks in School nutrition standards. 


    The district will maintain and make available for public inspection records documenting compliance with the wellness policy. They will be available at [District note – insert URL and “on the District’s website” or “at the following location: [insert location at which hard copy records will be kept]”]

    Records will include, but will not be limited to: 

    • The written wellness policy.
    • Documentation demonstrating that the document has been made available to the public [District note – this is obviously not necessary if posted on a website providing public access]
    • Documentation of the triennial assessment.
    • Documentation to demonstrate compliance with the annual public notification requirement.

    Nutrition and Food Services Program

    Meal Applications and Eligibility for School Meals
    As a sponsor of the National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program, the district will provide free and reduced-price breakfasts and lunches to students who qualify in accordance with the programs. 

    If operating standard counting and claiming, the district will annually distribute the Letter to Households and Free and Reduced-Price Meal Applications to all student households at the beginning of each school year. If a parent or guardian of a student needs assistance with application materials in a language other than English, the district will offer appropriate assistance to that parent or guardian. The district will protect the identity of students eligible for free and reduced-price meals in accordance with USDA guidelines for confidentiality and disclosure of student eligibility for such meals.

    If the district has obtained available information from other sources that the student is likely eligible for free or reduced-price meals, but the parent or guardian has not submitted an application to determine the student’s eligibility, the district will complete and submit the application for the student in accordance with the authority granted under 7 C.F.R. Sec. 245.6 (d). The completed application must set forth the district’s basis for determining the student’s eligibility. A district family determined eligible under this process will be notified that the family’s children are eligible for free or reduced-price meals or for free milk. This determination must be made family by family, and the district will not make eligibility determinations or certifications by categories or groups of children. 

    If operating the Community Eligibility Provision (CEP) or other non-pricing option, the district will distribute the Letter to Households and the Family Income Survey to all student households at the beginning of each school year. If a parent or guardian of a student needs assistance with application materials in a language other than English, the district will offer appropriate assistance to that parent or guardian. The district will protect the student’s identity and the confidentiality and disclosure of the data on a Family Income Survey. 

    At least monthly, the district will directly certify students for free school meals if the students qualify because of enrollment in assistance programs, including but not limited to the supplemental nutrition assistance program, the temporary assistance for needy families, and Medicaid.

    The district and its school staff will work to improve systems for identifying homeless students, students in out-of-home care, runaway students, and migrant students to ensure that each student has proper access to free school meals and that applicable accountability and reporting requirements are satisfied.

    Students in prekindergarten through twelfth grade who qualify for reduced-price breakfasts or lunches will not be required to pay a copay. 

    Meal Patterns and Menu Planning

    The district will follow the USDA meal patterns for the National School Lunch Program, School Breakfast Program, and Smart Snacks in School standards for all food and beverages sold to students on school campus during the school day. 

    Community Eligibility Provision

    Beginning in the 2022-2023 school year, each school with an Identified Student Percentage (ISP) of at least 40% shall operate the USDA Community Eligibility Provision (CEP) and offer meals at no cost to all students. 

    The Identified Student Percentage (ISP) is calculated by dividing the number of Identified Students, students categorically eligible for free school meals by direct certification or other purposes, by the total enrollment.  
    Breakfast After the Bell

    Beginning in the 2019-2020 school year, each high-needs school shall offer breakfast after the bell to each student and provide adequate time for students to consume the offered food. Schools that are not obligated by state law to offer breakfast after the bell are encouraged to do so.

    High-needs schools with at least seventy percent (70%) of free or reduced-price eligible children participating in both school lunch and school breakfast are exempt from the requirements of the paragraph above. The Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction will evaluate individual participation rates annually.

    Each high-needs school and the district may determine the breakfast after the bell service model that best suits its students. Service models include, but are not limited to: a) breakfast in the classroom; (b) grab-and-go breakfast; and (c) second-chance breakfast. All breakfasts served in a breakfast after the bell program must comply with chapter 28A.235 RCW and federal meal patterns and nutrition stands for school breakfast programs under the federal healthy, hunger-free kids act of 2010, as well as any federal regulations implementing that act. 

    When choosing foods to serve in a breakfast after the bell program, schools must give preference to foods that are healthful and fresh, and if feasible, give preference to Washington-grown food.

    For this program, the following definitions shall apply:

    1. “Breakfast after the bell” means a breakfast that is offered to students after the beginning of the school day. Examples of breakfast after the bell models include, but are not limited to:
    2. “Grab-and-go,” in which easy-to-eat breakfast foods are available for students to take at the start of the school day or in between morning classes;
    3. “Second-chance breakfast,” in which breakfast foods are available during recess, a nutrition break, or later in the morning, for students who are not hungry first thing in the morning, or who arrive late to school; and
    4. “Breakfast in the classroom,” where breakfast is served in the classroom, often during homeroom or first period.
    5. Breakfast after the bell programs, including the provision of breakfast, are not considered part of the definition or funding of the program of basic education under Article IX of the state Constitution.
    6. “Eligible for free or reduced-price meals” means a student who is eligible under the national school lunch program or school breakfast program to receive lunch or breakfast at no cost to the student or at a reduced cost to the student.
    7. “High-needs school” means any public school: 
    8. That has enrollment of seventy percent (70%) or more students eligible for free or reduced-price meals in the prior school year; or 
    9. That is using provision two of the national school lunch act or the community eligibility provision under section 104(a) of the federal healthy, hunger-free kids act of 2010 to provide universal meals and that has a free claiming percentage of seventy percent (70%) or more.
    10. “Public school” has the same meaning as provided in RCW 28A.150.010.
    11. “School breakfast program” means a program meeting federal requirements under 42 U.S.C. Sec. 1773.
    12. “School lunch program” means a program meeting federal requirements under 42 U.S.C. Sec. 1751.
    13. “Instructional Horus” means those hours students are provided the opportunity to engage in educational activity planned by and under the direction of school district staff, as directed by the administration and board of directors of the district, inclusive of intermissions for class changes, recess, and teacher/parent-guardian conferences that are planned and scheduled by the district for the purpose of discussing students’ educational needs or progress, and exclusive of time actually spent for meals. If students are provided the opportunity to engage in educational activity that is part of the regular instructional program concurrently with the consumption of breakfast, the period of time designated for student participation in breakfast after the bell must be considered instruction hours. 

    Meal Times

    The district will set meal times to allow breakfast to be served as close to the start of the school day as possible (with the exception of the Breakfast After the Bell program, above) and lunch to be served between 10:00 am and 2:00 pm. The length of the meal period will allow enough time for students to be served and eat a complete meal as well as take care of personal hygiene needs. The district will strive to identify and remove barriers to every student receiving 20 minutes of seated lunch time and scheduling recess before lunch for elementary students. The superintendent or designee will periodically monitor district schools for progress in implementing these provisions to the extent appropriate and feasible and report to the board. 

    Food Safety Plan

    The district will establish a Food Safety Plan based on Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points. Because of the potential liability of the district, the food services program will not accept donations of food other than as provided in this policy without board approval. Should the board approve a food donation, the superintendent or designee shall establish inspection and handling procedures for the food and determine that the provisions of all state and local laws have been met before selling the food as part of the school lunch menu.

    Meal Pricing 

    The Board of Directors shall determine paid meal prices annually and for the National School Lunch Program and follow Paid Lunch Equity regulations. Adult meal prices shall be set to allow teachers, administrators, and parents to demonstrate their support for school meal programs by occasionally eating with students. The price must be the price charged to students paying the full meal price plus the value of federal reimbursement for paid meals and the USDA Food Value.

    USDA Foods

    The district will use the full entitlement of USDA Foods made available under the Federal Food Distribution Program for school meal programs.

    Non-Profit School Food Service Account

    The district will maintain a non-profit school food service account. All revenues shall be used solely for the school meal programs and to improve the quality of the food service program for the students being served. Food sold a la carte and food sold to other school entities will be priced to recover, at a minimum, food costs. 

    Charge Policy

    In order to allow students to receive nutritious meals, prevent over-identification of students with insufficient funds to pay for school means, and maintain the financial integrity of the nonprofit school nutrition program, the district will establish a written meal charge process for students eligible for reduced price meals and students that are not eligible for meals. The meal charge policy will be communicated to households each year so that school district employees, families and students have a shared understanding of expectations regarding meal charges. 

    Unpaid Meal Charges

    If a student has not paid for five or more previous meals, the school will:

    1. (1) Determine whether the student is categorically eligible for free meals;
    2. (2) If no application has been submitted for the student to determine his or her eligibility for free or reduced-price meals, make no fewer than two attempts to contact the student’s parent or guardian to have him or her submit an application; and
    3. (3) Have a principal, assistant principal, or school counselor contact the parent or guardian for the purpose of:
      1. Offering assistance with completing an application to determine the student’s eligibility for free or reduced-price meals;
      2. Determining whether there are any household issues that may prevent the student from having sufficient funds for school meals; and 
      3. Offering any other appropriate assistance.

    No school or school district personnel or school volunteer may:

      1. Take any action that would publicly identify a student who cannot pay for a school meal or for meals previously served to the student, including but not limited to requiring the student to wear a wristband, hand stamp, or other identifying markers, or by serving the student an alternative meal;
      2. Require a student who cannot pay for a school meal or for meals previously served to the student to perform chores or other actions in exchange for a meal or for the reduction or elimination of a school meal debt, unless all students perform similar chores or work;
      3. Require a student to dispose of an already-served meal because of the student’s inability to pay for the meal or because of money owed for meals previously served to the student;
      4. Allow any disciplinary action that is taken against a student to result in the denial or delay of a nutritionally adequate meal to the student; or 
      5. Require a parent or guardian to pay fees or costs in excess of the actual amounts owed for meals previously served to the student.

    Communications for a school or school district about amounts owed for meals previously served to a student under the age of fifteen may only be directed to the student’s parent or guardian. Neither this policy nor chapter 28A.235 RCW prohibits the district from sending a student home with a notification that is addressed to the student’s parent or guardian.

    A parent or guardian will be notified of a negative balance of a student’s meal account no later than ten days after the student’s school meal account has reached a negative balance. Within thirty (30) days of sending this notification, the district will exhaust all options to directly certify the student for free or reduced-price meals. Within these thirty days, while the district is attempting to certify the student for free or reduced-price meals, the student may not be denied access to a school meal unless the district determines that the student is ineligible for free or reduced-price meals.

    If the district is unable to directly certify the student for free or reduced-price meals, the school district will provide the parent or guardian with a paper copy of, or an electronic link to, an application for free or reduced-price meals with the negative-balance notification described above and encourage the parent or guardian to submit the application. 

    The district’s Meal Charge Policy will also address unpaid meal charges. Students who qualify for free meals will not be denied a reimbursable meal, even if they have accrued a negative balance from previous purchases. Students with outstanding meal charge debt will be allowed to purchase a meal if the student pays for the meal when it is received. [District Note – Insert here the following language if opting to provide alternate meals: “The District will provide alternate meals meeting federal and state requirements to students who have charged the maximum amount allowed to their student account and cannot pay out of pocket for a meal.”]

    The district will make reasonable, discrete efforts to notify families when meal account balances are low through use of [insert notification method, e.g., automated calling system, letters sent home]. Families will be notified of an outstanding negative balance once the negative balance reaches $[insert dollar amount] or reflects a total of [insert number] meals. 

    Negative balances of more than $[insert dollar amount] not paid prior to [enter time period (e.g., end of the month, end of the semester, end of the school year)] will be considered delinquent debt and will be turned over to the superintendent or designee for collection. The district will make reasonable, discrete efforts to collect delinquent (overdue) unpaid meal charges, which is an allowable use of National School Food Service Account (NSFSA) funds, and will coordinate communications with families to resolve the charges. Options may include collection agencies, small claims court or any other collection method permitted by law and consistent with the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act. 

    District employees may use a charge account for meals, but may charge no more than $[insert amount] to their account. When an account reaches this limit, the employee will not be allowed to charge additional meals or a la carte items until the negative account balance is paid. 

    Children with Special Dietary Needs

    The district will establish procedures to accommodate children with special dietary needs when a diet prescription form is signed by a licensed medical authority. The district food service department will work with the school's 504 Coordinator to accommodate student special dietary needs. 

    Civil Rights

    The district will follow USDA Food and Nutrition Civil Rights and nondiscrimination policies. 


    The district will follow all state and Federal guidelines when procuring food for the Federal School Meal Programs and as part of district procurement procedures, establish a procurement plan and Code of Conduct consistent with the Uniform Grant Guidance; 2 CFR 200. Food specifications shall be written in a manner to procure food products that meet the school meal pattern requirements. 

    Smart Snacks Standards in School

    All foods and beverages sold to students on campus during the school day (e.g., vending machines, DECA school stores, bake sales, and other school fundraisers) must meet USDA Smart Snacks standards. No food or drink items will be sold unless they have been approved by the principal or school official responsible for oversight of the Smart Snacks standards or, as designated in the wellness policy. 

    Best Practices for Meal Service

    The superintendent or designee will make reasonable efforts to ensure:

    • Student participation in the breakfast and lunch programs is encouraged;
    • Any student may eat in the school cafeteria or other designated place;
    • Schools provide varied and nutritious food choices consistent with the applicable school meal program guidelines;
    • Healthy foods are competitively priced;
    • Meal prices are conspicuously posted in each cafeteria or designated meal area; 
    • Seating for meals is uncrowded and occurs in a pleasant and safe environment;
    • Supervision during mealtime is appropriate and rules for mealtime behavior are consistently enforced; 
    • Implement recess before lunch;
    • Bus schedules allow students to arrive in time for participation in the School Breakfast Program; 
    • Alternate breakfast service models are implemented so that students have access to breakfast meals; and
    • Community Eligibility Provision or Provision 2 Special Assistance Program is implemented in qualifying schools.

    On testing days the district may provide free, nutritious meals to all students, including those who do not qualify for free or reduced priced federal school meal benefits. However, the district must use Non-federal funds to cover the cost of providing such meals.


    To promote hydration, free, safe, and unflavored drinking water will be available to all students throughout the school day and throughout every school campus. The district will make drinking water available where school meals are served during mealtimes. In addition, students will be allowed to bring with them and carry throughout the day approved water bottles (filled only with water).

    Celebrations and Rewards

    All foods offered on the school campus will meet or exceed the USDA Smart Snacks in School nutrition standards, including: 

    • Foods brought for celebrations and parties. The district will provide a list of healthy party ideas to parents and teachers, including non-food celebration ideas.
    • Classroom snacks brought by parents. The district will provide to parents a list of foods and beverages that meet Smart Snack nutrition standards.
    • Rewards and incentives. The district will provide teachers and other relevant school staff a list of alternative ways to reward children. Foods and beverages will not be used as a reward, or withheld as punishment for any reason, such as for performance or behavior.


    Foods and beverages that meet or exceed the USDA Smart Snacks in School nutrition standards may be sold through fundraisers on the school campus during the school day. The district will make available to parents and teachers a list of healthy fundraising ideas.

    • Schools will use only non-food fundraisers and encourage those promoting physical activity (such as walk-a-thons, Jump Rope for Heart, fun runs, etc.).
    • Fundraising during and outside school hours will sell only non-food items or foods and beverages that meet or exceed the Smart Snacks nutrition standards.

    Nutrition Promotion

    Nutrition promotion and education positively influence lifelong eating behaviors by using evidence-based techniques and nutrition messages, and by creating food environments that encourage healthy nutrition choices and encourage participation in school meal programs. Students and staff will receive consistent nutrition messages throughout schools, classrooms, gymnasiums, and cafeterias. Nutrition promotion also includes marketing and advertising nutritious foods and beverages to students and is most effective when implemented consistently through a comprehensive and multi-channel approach by school staff, teachers, parents, students and the community. Instruction for marketing nutritious foods and healthy lifestyle will, as resources allow, be incorporated into DECA courses.

    The district will promote healthy food and beverage choices for all students throughout the school campus, as well as encourage participation in school meal programs. This promotion will occur through:

    • Implementation of at least ten or more evidence-based healthy food promotion techniques through the school meal programs using Smarter Lunchroom techniques.
    • Ensuring 100% of foods and beverages promoted to students meet the USDA Smart Snacks in School nutrition standards. Additional promotion techniques that the district and individual schools may use are available at Guide to Smart Snacks in School.

    Staff Qualifications and Professional Development

    All school nutrition program directors, managers, and staff will meet or exceed hiring and annual continuing education/training requirements in the USDA professional standards for child nutrition professionals. These school nutrition personnel will refer to USDA’s Professional Standards for School Nutrition Standards website to search for training that meets their learning needs.

    Family and Community Involvement

    In order to promote family and community involvement in supporting and reinforcing nutrition education in schools, the school principal is responsible for ensuring:

    • Nutrition education materials and breakfast and lunch menus are made available to parents;
    • Parents are encouraged to promote their child’s participation in the school meals program. If their children do not participate in the school meals program, parents should provide their children with healthy snacks/meals;
    • Families are invited to attend exhibitions of student nutrition projects or health fairs;
    • Nutrition education curriculum includes homework that students can do with their families (e.g., reading and interpreting food labels, reading nutrition-related newsletters, preparing healthy recipes, etc.);
    • School staff are encouraged to cooperate with other agencies and community groups to provide opportunities for student projects related to nutrition, as appropriate; and
    • School staff consider the various cultural preferences in development of nutrition education programs and food options.

    Nutrition Education

    The district’s K-12 nutrition education curriculum will align with the Washington State Health and Physical Education K-12 Learning Standards and will be designed to provide students with the knowledge and skills necessary to promote healthy behavior.

    The district’s nutrition education K-12 curriculum should include, but not be limited to, the following concepts: 

    • Age-appropriate, developmentally-appropriate, and culturally relevant nutritional knowledge, including: 
    • The relationship of nutrition and food nutrients to physical performance and body composition;
    • The benefits of healthy eating;
    • Essential nutrients;
    • Nutritional deficiencies;
    • The principles of healthy weight management;
    • The use and misuse of dietary supplements;
    • Safe food preparation, handling, and storage; and
    • Appreciation of cultural diversity related to food and eating.
    • Age-appropriate nutrition-related skills, including how to: 
      • Gather and analyze health information;
      • Analyze nutrition information to plan and prepare a healthy meal;
      • Understand and use food labels,
      • Evaluate nutrition information, misinformation, and commercial food and advertising; and
      • Assess one’s personal eating habits, set goals for improvement, and achieve those goals.

    Health and Physical Education

    The superintendent or designee will adopt and implement a comprehensive physical education curriculum aligned with the Washington State Health and Physical Education K-12 Learning Standards. The district will provide students with physical education, using an age-appropriate, sequential physical education curriculum. The physical education program will promote the benefits of a physically active lifestyle and help students develop skills to engage in lifelong healthy habits.

    Physical Education Requirements and Waiver Policy 

    All high school students are required to complete a minimum of three semesters (1.5 credits) of physical education. The district may excuse a student from this fitness requirement under RCW 28A.230.050 on account of physical disability, employment, religious belief, participation in directed athletics or military science or tactics, or for other good cause. Such excused students will be required to demonstrate proficiency/competency in the knowledge portion of the fitness requirement, in accordance with written district policy.

    Although physical disability can be used as a rationale for excusing a student from participation in Physical Education, the district will provide Adapted Physical Education that is aligned to Washington state K-12 Physical Education Learning Standards if physical education is set out in that student’s IEP and is specially designed to meet the unique needs of a student with a disability.

    Professional Learning

    The district will, subject to available resources, offer ongoing in-service and professional learning opportunities for staff in the area of health education, physical education, and physical activity. Professional learning will help district staff understand the connections between academics and health and the ways in which health and wellness are integrated into ongoing district reform or academic improvement plans/efforts. Professional learning opportunities related to health and fitness are available at: https://www.k12.wa.us/student-success/resources-subject-area/health-and-physical-education/training-and-staff-development.

    Physical Activity in Schools

    All schools will participate in a Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program. A Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program (CSPAP) is a multi-component approach by which school districts and schools use all opportunities for students to be physically active, meet the nationally-recommended 60 minutes of physical activity each day, and develop the knowledge, skills, and confidence to be physically active for a lifetime. A CSPAP reflects strong coordination and synergy across all of the components: quality physical education as the foundation, physical activity before, during, and after school, staff involvement, and family and community engagement.

    Quality Physical Education

    Schools will implement a physical education program which includes instruction and practice in a variety of motor skills and movement patterns; knowledge of concepts, principles, strategies, and tactics related to movement and performance; knowledge and skills to achieve and maintain a health-enhancing level of physical activity and fitness; responsible personal and social behavior that respects self and others; and values physical activity for health, enjoyment, challenge, self-expression, and social interaction.

    Physical Activity during the School Day

    The district recognizes that students are more attentive and ready to learn if provided with periodic breaks when they can be physically active or stretch. Schools will encourage teachers to:

    • Incorporate movement and kinesthetic learning approaches into “core” subject instruction when possible (e.g., science, math, language arts, social studies and others) and do their part to limit sedentary behavior during the school day.
    • Provide short (3-5-minute) physical activity breaks to students during and between classroom time. These physical activity breaks will complement, not substitute, for physical education class, recess, and class transition periods. 

    Physical Activity Before and After School
    The district offers opportunities for students to participate in physical activity either before and/or after the school day (or both) through a variety of methods (e.g., physical activity clubs, intramurals, sports, etc.).


    Each school will offer physically active daily recess opportunities that align with state and national recess recommendations and maintain safe and age-appropriate equipment to use during recess. Recess monitors or teachers will encourage students to be active. Recess will complement, not substitute for, physical education class. Physical activity during the school day (including but not limited to recess, brain boosters/energizers, or physical education) will not be used or withheld as punishment for any reason. 

    If recess is offered before lunch, schools will have appropriate hand-washing facilities and/or hand-sanitizing mechanisms located just inside/outside the cafeteria to ensure proper hygiene prior to eating and students are required to use these mechanisms before eating. Hand-washing time, as well as time to put away coats/hats/gloves, will be built in to the recess transition period/timeframe before students enter the cafeteria.

    Family and Community Engagement

    The district will offer opportunities to promote family and community involvement in supporting and reinforcing physical education and physical activity in the schools. Schools should ensure:

    • Physical education activity ideas are sent home with students;
    • Families are invited to attend and participate in physical education activity programs and health fairs;
    • School staff are encouraged to cooperate with other agencies and community groups to provide opportunities for students to participate in physical activity programs.
    • Families are actively notified of opportunities and invited to participate in school-sponsored physical activities and receive information about health promotion efforts.

    Staff Wellness and Health Promotion

    The district will offer, subject to available resources, opportunities that focus on staff wellness issues, and/or identify and disseminate wellness resources in coordination with human resources staff.

    Active Transport

    The district will identify safe and active routes to and from school to promote alternative transport methods for children, such as walking and bicycle programs. The district will encourage this behavior by engaging and promoting activities such as:

    • Designation of safe or preferred routes to school;
    • Promotional activities such as participation in International Walk to School Week, National Walk and Bike to School Week;
    • Secure storage facilities for bicycles and helmets (e.g., shed, cage, fenced area);
    • Instruction on walking/bicycling safety provided to students;
    • Promotion of safe routes program to students, staff, and parents via newsletters, websites, local newspaper;
    • Use of crossing guards;
    • Ensuring crosswalks exist on streets leading to schools;
    • Documentation of the number of children walking and/or biking to and from school; and
    • Creation and distribution of maps of the school environment (e.g., sidewalks, crosswalks, roads, pathways, bike racks, etc.).

    School District Facilities

    Access to school sites will be provided through permitting use of facilities to community youth sports groups consistent with the district’s facilities use policy, community college, and municipal joint use agreements and partnerships with youth organizations so additional opportunities are available for all youth in the community to participate in quality physical activity, fitness, sports, and recreation programs.

    ADOPTED: 3/24/1993
    REVISED: 4/23/98; 6/21/05; 01/12/06; 8/28/08; 6/24/14; 9/24/15; 11/22/2022

6000 Policies