How Title Looks at Data and Why
Why intervention?If we wait until 2nd grade to address students not developing reading skills, there is a 50% chance they will not catch up.
What is Intensive Intervention?
- More than classroom instruction and more than in-class intervention
- Directly taught
- More time-minimum of 2 sessions per day
- Small groups-3 to 6 students
- Duration-months or years
- Direct instruction programs
Data Based Decision Making
Purpose of Assessment Methods of Assessment
Screening Benchmark Testing
Diagnostic Functional Assessments/placement testingProgress Monitoring Dibels/CBM/ in program testing
Screening--------------------------Dibels NEXT Benchmark Assessment
Diagnostic--------------------------Reading Mastery, Corrective Reading or Connecting Math Concepts Placement Test
Progress Monitoring---------------Dibels Next Progress Monitoring, MAP and Classroom Assessment
- Brief Assessment
- Used to classify students as at risk or not at risk for academic
- Assessments instrument must demonstrate: reliability and validity and accuracy of classification
Use benchmark assessments results to answer: how many students are in need of additional instructional support? Which students are in need of additional instructional support?
- This follows screening or at any time during the school year
- Provides more detailed information on target skills
- Reliable and valid for multiple skills within a Big Idea or different Big Ideas
- Helps plan instruction and may determine specific interventions needed
How much Diagnostic Assessment and when?
- Primary purpose: identify what to teach
- Under what circumstances?
- Key function is to tell us what to teach to know for explanation or curiosity purposes
- All strategic/low benchmark students
- Most intensive students
- Use functional academic assessments: what needs to be taught and why. This is why we placement test each student in reading mastery, corrective reading and connecting math concepts.
- Progress monitoring screening can be used to predict the future of students
- Our job: Ensure that predication does not become reality
- Our goal: identify students who are heading towards failure and put them on the track to success by intervening progress monitoring allows us to evaluate weather we are on that track
Two Types of Progress Monitoring
Type of Assessment AnswersIn-Program Assessment Are they learning the content
CBM/DIBELS/MAP Are they generalizing? Can they apply in different context?
Benefits of Progress Monitoring
- Improved communication regarding student achievement
- Accelerated learning due to appropriate educational decisions being made as soon as a problem is identified
- Instructional decisions formed through the evaluation of data
- Fewer inappropriate special educational referrals